Ladybird species in the UK

There have been 3500 species of coccinellid described worldwide but until recently only 43 were considered as resident in Britain.

The herbivorous Bryony ladybird, Epilachna argus, and the small inconspicuous brown ladybird, Rhyzobius chrysomeloides, are recent additions but neither have attracted as much attention as the Harlequin ladybird, H. axyridis, first encountered in 2004.

Of the 46 ladybird species now found in Britain only 26 are readily recognisable as ladybirds and these are the focus of the Ladybird Survey.

A ladybird identification sheet (163Kb) and a ladybird larvae identification sheet (290Kb) are available in PDF format.

Thanks to Jeroen Mentens for supplying many excellent photos.

Sub-familySpeciesCommon name
Epilachninae Henosepilachna argus  (Geoffroy in Fourcroy) Bryony ladybird
Epilachninae Subcoccinella 24-punctata  (L.) 24-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Adalia 10-punctata  (L.) 10-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Adalia 2-punctata  (L.) 2-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Adonia variegata  (Goeze) Adonis ladybird
Coccinellinae Anatis ocellata  (L.) Eyed ladybird
Coccinellinae Anisosticta 19-punctata  (L.) Water ladybird
Coccinellinae Aphidecta obliterata  (L.) Larch ladybird
Coccinellinae Calvia 14-guttata  (L.) Cream-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Coccinella 11-punctata  L. 11-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Coccinella 5-punctata  L. 5-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Coccinella 7-punctata  L. 7-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Coccinella hieroglyphica  L. Hieroglyphic ladybird
Coccinellinae Coccinella magnifica  Redtenbacher Scarce 7-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Halyzia 16-guttata  (L.) Orange ladybird
Coccinellinae Harmonia 4-punctata  Pontoppidan Cream-streaked ladybird
Coccinellinae Harmonia axyridis  (Pallas) Harlequin ladybird
Coccinellinae Hippodamia 13-punctata  (L.) 13-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Myrrha 18-guttata  (L.) 18-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Myzia oblongoguttata  (L.) Striped ladybird
Coccinellinae Propylea 14-punctata  (L.) 14-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Psyllobora 22-punctata  (L.) 22-spot ladybird
Coccinellinae Tytthaspis 16-punctata  (L.) 16-spot ladybird
Chilocorinae Chilocorus 2-pustulatus  (L.) Heather ladybird
Chilocorinae Chilocorus renipustulatus  (Scriba) Kidney-spot ladybird
Chilocorinae Exochomus 4-pustulatus  (L.) Pine ladybird

NOTES:

  • Spot fusions = whether the spots appear joined or "fused" to each other
  • Melanic (black) form = a black colour form of the ladybird
  • Pronotum = the surface of the section of the ladybird between the head and the hard wing cases
  • Habitat = where the ladybird is likely to be found
  • Host plant = the plant on which the ladybird finds its food
  • Overwintering = where the ladybird prefers to shelter for winter